Most Common Dental Treatments – Explained! (Part 2)

You’ve made yourself more familiar about scaling and polishing, restorations, root canal treatment, simple extraction, and odontectomy from the first part of this article.

Now, let’s discuss some more in this second part. Learn more about the different options for tooth replacement, as well orthodontic treatment.

Denture Service

Denture service refers to the replacement of missing teeth with fixed or removable prosthesis.

A fixed denture is secured in place using dental cements, while removable dentures can be taken out of the mouth whenever you want to.

Fixed dentures include your tooth- or implant-supported dental bridges. Removable dentures, on the other hand, are your partial or complete
conventional dentures.

A fixed bridge replaces one or more missing teeth. It is made up of porcelain, metal, or a combination of both, depending on your functional and esthetic needs.

Front teeth calls for the use of highly-esthetic porcelain, while back teeth mostly require metal due to heavy biting forces.

Metal-porcelain bridges, otherwise called a PFM (porcelain-fused-to-metal) bridge, can be used on any teeth regardless of their location because it combines the esthetics of porcelain with the strength of metal.

Making a fixed bridge requires removal of some tooth structure on the teeth adjacent to the space left by the missing ones. These teeth will provide support for the prosthesis.

Once enough tooth structure is removed, the dentist will take an impression of your teeth and send it to a dental laboratory for the fabrication of the fixed bridge. Once done, your dentist will now install it in your mouth.

Removable dentures, meanwhile, replace two or more missing teeth. It may also be used to replace a single tooth whenever a fixed bridge or a dental implant is not indicated.

Partial dentures replace several, but not all, missing teeth while complete dentures are for patients who have absolutely no teeth left. Removable dentures also require impression-taking, and they are made mostly of a plastic-like material called acrylic.

The advantage of having a removable denture instead of a fixed one is that you can take them out of the mouth whenever you need to clean them. Fixed dentures, nonetheless, look and feel more natural and tend to restore function much better.

Dental Implant Surgery

Another option for replacing missing teeth is through the use of dental implants.

A dental implant is a small screw inserted into the jawbone to act as an artificial tooth root to which a crown, bridge, or denture will be attached.

The procedure for placing dental implants is called an implant surgery. Dental implant is the best tooth replacement option available due to its excellent restoration of both function and esthetics.

The material of choice for dental implants is titanium, a metal which is inert, biocompatible, and has the ability to integrate into the surrounding bone tissue.

A dental implant surgery is usually performed by an oral surgeon, but it can also be done by a dentist trained in implantology.

It consists of two stages, although there are some practitioners who do the first and second stages in one operation. In a two-stage surgery, the first stage involves drilling the jaw bone and burying the implant into it.

The area will then be allowed to heal for a couple of months before proceeding with the second stage of the surgery. The second stage involves the uncovering the buried implant and placing a healing abutment into it. This abutment will hold the crown, bridge, or denture.


Orthodontics is the field of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, and correction of malocclusion (a.k.a. bad bite).

Malocclusion results when the upper and lower teeth are misaligned. An orthodontic treatment involves the installation of various dental appliances – the most common of which are dental braces – to bring the teeth to their proper alignment and, in turn, correct the patient’s bite.

Dental braces can be used to straighten the teeth, close tooth gaps, or push the teeth backwards to make space for other teeth. They consist of metal wires and brackets, and are fixed on the teeth using dental cements.

Removable braces are also available, although they work much slower than their fixed counterpart. And if show of metal is your concern, there are more esthetic braces made of ceramic or clear plastic.

A special type of braces called Invisalign (short for invisible aligners) is an excellent alternative to metal braces as far as esthetics is concerned.


So that concludes our article for the most common treatments offered by your dentist. Hopefully, knowing more about these treatments will make your next dental visit as comfortable as possible. But of course, not every little is covered in these two articles, so it is still best to ask your dentist to fill you up on some details. Don’t hesitate to ask questions so you can have a full understanding of whichever treatment you are about to undergo.