Oral Diseases and Systemic Health

The importance of our oral health does not end with having that nice-looking smile – it is also essential to our general health and well-being.

A healthy mouth not only allows for good nutrition of the physical body, but it also enhances self-esteem and overall well-being.

Furthermore, experts have known for quite some time that the mouth is connected to the rest of the body, and may, therefore, give signals about any underlying disorder that the body is experiencing.

The mouth like most areas of the body contains a lot of bacteria, most which are harmless. Under normal circumstances, our body’s immune defenses coupled with good oral hygiene can keep these bacteria under control.

However, if there’s lack of proper oral hygiene, a number of bacteria grow into amounts that the body can no longer handle, leading to oral infections. The most common of these are tooth decay and periodontal disease.

Recognizing that oral health infections can have adverse effects on general health is essential for your dentist to devise an appropriate oral health care program.

Listed below are the systemic conditions that can affect or be affected by oral health in one way or another.

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetics are more prone to oral infections than any other patients with systemic diseases. Periodontal disease is so among diabetics that it is often referred to as the sixth complication of the disease. It pertains to the inflammation of structures that support the teeth, which include the gums, attachment apparatus, and bone. The severity of inflammation is often indicative of how well the diabetes is under control.

Diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease is actually a two-way street, as severe forms of periodontal disease can also affect the patient’s blood sugar levels.

Treating diabetes helps in the resolution of periodontal disease in the same manner that treating periodontal disease leads to better control of blood sugar levels. Other oral diseases associated with diabetes include dry mouth and tooth decay. Dry mouth can also increase one’s risk of developing periodontal disease.

Heart disease

It has also been suggested that periodontal disease is linked to heart disease, most especially bacterial endocarditis. The association between the two is mainly brought about by periodontal inflammation which is triggered when the oral bacteria enter the bloodstream and attach themselves to the blood vessels that supply the heart. In endocarditis, the bacteria go as far as into the inner lining of the heart.

Periodontal disease can also cause any existing heart conditions to worsen. This necessitates the use of prophylactic antibiotics in a patient who wishes to undergo dental treatment – especially procedures where bleeding is anticipated (i.e. extractions, implant surgery, etc). Your dentist and cardiologist will determine if you need prophylactic antibiotics.


Due to their effect on the blood vessels, there also exists a relationship between oral infections and cerebrovascular accident – a.k.a. stroke. This relationship is based on several studies which evaluated oral infection as a possible risk factor for the disease. The results revealed that most patients who have had a stroke were more likely to have an existing oral infection compared to the healthy participants.


Osteoporosis, a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones, is often associated with bone loss in periodontal disease. The connection is in the drugs used to treat the condition, which can cause some damage to the jawbone. As the density of the jawbone continues to decrease, the teeth will no longer have that solid foundation to support them. This ultimately leads to tooth loss.

Respiratory Disease

According to research, the bacteria found in the oral cavity may be aspirated into the lungs and cause respiratory diseases, the most common of which is pneumonia. Such relationship is frequently observed in patients with periodontal disease.


Arguably the most dreadful of them all is the association between oral diseases and cancer. Studies say that individuals – men, most especially – who suffer from the periodontal disease are more likely to develop kidney, pancreatic, and blood cancers compared to those with good periodontal health.

Now, aren’t these some very good reasons for keeping your mouth and teeth healthy from now on? If you suffer from any of these conditions, better consult your dentist now for specific instructions on how to maintain your oral health.

Understanding Periodontal Gum Disease

Periodontal gum disease treatment in San Diego comprises a number of oral health problems that affect the supporting structures of the teeth. These structures include the gums, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone.

The periodontal ligament is the tissue that attaches the tooth to the alveolar bone, while the alveolar bone is the bone that makes up the tooth socket.

In this article, we will discuss some forms of Periodontal Gum Disease, along with the recommended treatment for each.


Gingivitis is the early and most common form of periodontal disease. it will resolve by practicing good oral hygiene and going to your dentist regularly for professional cleaning.

Good oral hygiene means brushing properly at least twice a day, flossing, and using an alcohol-free mouthwash.


Periodontitis is the more advanced form of Periodontal Gum Disease that develops when gingivitis is left untreated for a very long time.

It occurs when plaque accumulates deep below the gum line, resulting in the destruction of the periodontal ligament and bone.

It is characterized by the bone destruction and separation of the gums from the teeth (forming what is known as a periodontal pocket) in addition to the classic signs of gingivitis. Gum recession and loosening of the affected teeth are also common.

Periodontitis may be classified into two main types: CHRONIC and AGGRESSIVE periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis, the more common of the two, is often seen in older patients.

Aggressive periodontitis, on the other hand, is the less common but more destructive form. It affects younger patients.

periodontal gum disease

Periodontal gum disease causes

In this type of periodontitis, redness and swelling of the gums is not obvious, but the destruction underneath is occurring very rapidly. If left untreated, both forms result to tooth loss.

Unlike gingivitis, periodontitis is irreversible. This is possible through periodontal therapy in the form of scaling and root planning, which is more popularly known as deep cleaning.

Scaling and root planning is a more intensive form of treatment that involves the removal not just of plaque deposits, but of diseased tooth root structure as well. Root planning, in particular, results in a tooth root surface that is glassy smooth. This glassy smooth surface facilitates reattachment.

Scaling and root planning may be done through surgical and non-surgical means, with the latter being considered first. Surgical root planing is only considered when its non-surgical counterpart proves to be ineffective.

Necrotizing periodontal disease

Like periodontitis, the necrotizing periodontal disease involves the destruction and subsequent necrosis (a.k.a. tissue death) of the gums, periodontal ligament, and bone.

It often affects individuals who are malnourished, diabetic, chronic smokers, and immunocompromised (ex. HIV-positive). This form of periodontal disease is extremely rare, and management involves consultation with a medical doctor before rendering treatment.

Treatment for periodontal gum disease involves scaling and root planing along with a prescription of antibiotics and medicated mouth rinse.

Periodontitis as manifestation of systemic diseases

This form of periodontitis, as the name suggests, is brought about by systemic diseases.

These include diabetes, respiratory disorders, and heart disease. Depending on the underlying disease, it may exhibit signs of chronic or aggressive periodontitis.

To treat this type of periodontal disease, the medical condition must be addressed first. Once the medical disease is controlled, your dentist will now be able to treat the Periodontal Gum Disease with the same treatments used for chronic and aggressive periodontitis.

Extensive Mouth Restoration Guide

Full or extensive mouth restoration refers to dentistry where patients mouth have to be completely rebuilt.

This is done in case of severe conditions like accident causing devastating damage and tooth loss.

Mouth Restoration can be applied to patients having lots of missing teeth who would like the benefits of fixed teeth as opposed to dentures.

Apart from this it varies from person to person and one must undergo various diagnostic tests to ensure they are resorted back to full health and aesthetics.

Some of these tests include:

  • 1) Facial contour analysis
  • 2) Lip and cheek support
  • 3) Chin profile
  • 4) Speech patterns
  • 5) Eating and chewing patterns
  • 6) Smile , speech and resting lip lines patterns
  • 7) Relationship of jawbone and facial muscles

Individuals who have solid and flawless teeth are privileged as they will no more call for remaking.

The greater part of these have charming smile and a solid dental well-being.

In any case, shouldn’t something be said about the individuals who experience the ill effects of poor dental well-being? Do they stand a chance?

Surely, yes! On account of full mouth reconstruction! It’s as of now basic for us to brush and floss teeth day by day.

These preventive consideration methods offer you some assistance with stopping dental challenges and support extraordinary dental well-being.

Based upon specialists, oral cleanliness is the best approach for accomplishing more beneficial lifestyle. Other than keeping mouth and teeth solid, this regimen keeps general medicinal concerns like cardiovascular disease at bay.

Sorry to say, some disregard this. Therefore, their dental well-being gets to be inclined and subjected to dental troubles, similar to cavities and periodontal disease.

Beside influencing the presence of your teeth, dental difficulties are known to cause chaos insides of it.

Much the same as how periodontal disease influences your gums work. The same circumstance about how TMJ influences the way your jaw capacities.

Basically, dental problems are unsafe.

In the event that you are carrying on with your entire existence with mouth or any dental hardships, it’s the ideal opportunity for full mouth reproduction!

According to recommended by specialists, full mouth reproduction is awesome for individuals with missing or broken tooth issues.

This treatment replaces the affected region and totally restores every last bit of it! Likewise  this gives you the whole opportunity to restore the way how your gums, jaws and other supporting structures of your mouth work.

Dental specialists recognize that full mouth recreation includes varieties of remedial treatment methodology. This is additionally combined with neuromuscular and restorative strategies.

Clearly, the principle goal of this treatment is to restore the appearance, structure and capacity of your teeth, gums and jaw.

One normal illustration is a restored chipped tooth. Finding demonstrated that a broken tooth is not just about having a harmed part. Clearly, this issue doesn’t simply influence your smile.

A broken tooth inflicts biting issues.

A great many people who encounter this experience the ill effects of trouble of biting which wear the teeth off.

At the point when teeth begin to wear, this can add many more well-being issues, similar to neck pain, jaw soreness, cerebral pain and headache.

In the event that you have drawn out missing teeth hardships, you are urged to get full mouth recreation.

As expressed before, full mouth reproduction technique include a few procedures, much the same as tooth filling, root canal treatment, dental implant and braces.

In any case, this technique more often than not takes 12 months to finish and is certainly costly.

Get in touch with Dr. Safarian, a leading cosmetic dentist in San Diego now and find best consultation for Free!

Periodontal Gum Disease and Why You Should Take It Seriously

When it comes to oral health, the gums always take a backseat to teeth.

What many people do not know is that periodontal gum disease is a real threat.

If left untreated, gum disease could cause serious oral infections and tooth loss. When the disease gets that bad, it becomes irreversible.

But what is gum disease? How does it build? How is it treated? What can you do to prevent it? Read on to learn more.

What is Gum Disease?

Periodontal gum disease or simply gum disease can be two things: gingivitis and periodontitis.

Both diseases start with bacteria buildup on the teeth or plaque.

Without regular, proper brushing as well as treatment from your dental hygienist, the bacteria ends up infecting the gums.

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums.

This is characterized by redness, swollenness, and bleeding of the gums. It can also be characterized by unusual darkening of the gums along with the symptoms mentioned earlier.

Gingivitis is the mild form of gum disease. Your gum disease specialist will only tell you to use special toothpaste, brush regularly, and set an appointment with your hygienist.

With proper care, the gums should return to normal and the bones and teeth are not affected.

Periodontitis takes place when gingivitis is not treated.

The infection goes further into damaging the gums and pulls it away from the teeth.

This creates pockets between the gums and teeth that open up the tissue to more bacteria and therefore more damage; when the infection gets this far, the body’s natural reaction is to fight it.

In the course of fighting the infection, the bone and tissue that hold the teeth to the gums start to break. This leads to tooth loss.

What Causes Periodontal Gum Disease?

According to our resident gum disease specialist, gum disease is caused by many things including hormonal changes, excessive smoking, illness, certain medication, and most commonly poor oral hygiene.

Smoking during gum disease treatment makes it harder for the medication to take effect.

Why You Should Not Neglect Gum Disease?

Gum disease left untreated can lead to the following:

Tooth loss:

When the tooth falls out due to gum disease, tooth implants are basically out of the question because the bone would also be damaged and the gum distorted.

Dentures and crowns would also be a little challenging to apply.

Bad breath:

The infection, oral enzymes, and the bacteria that cause gingivitis and periodontitis cause bad breath.

This is unsettling for the person/people you speak with and embarrassing for you.

Worse, this is the kind of bad breath that does not go away with breath mints and oral washes.

Unattractive appearance due to discoloration of gums:

Gum disease causes the gums to look dark and sometimes almost black.

On top of bad breath, dark and discolored gums could cause you to feel less confident about your appearance.

Connection to gum disease:

While gum disease specialists and researchers have yet to find evidence, there have been recent observations linking gum disease with other conditions.

It has been observed that gum disease increases the likelihood of developing heart disease in males and pre-term birth and low-birth weight in their offspring of women.

Don’t wait too long to treat your gum disease! Give your gums a lot of love – visit your periodontist at Irresistible Smiles today!

Seven Ways You Can Treat Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal (gum) disease that makes the gums turn red, become swollen, and more prone to bleeding.

Usually, there is little or no discomfort and the condition can be reversed with proper oral hygiene and dental treatment.

Though the disease is curable and mild, you cannot overlook it.

Untreated, gingivitis can turn into more destructive forms of periodontal disease and leads to illnesses such as diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and cardiovascular disorders.

It is vital to consult the dentist when you first experience symptoms.

Most Effective Method for Gingivitis Treatment: Consult Your Dentist!

See your dentist immediately if you suspect that you have gingivitis.

Your dentist will most likely clean your mouth to remove tartar, which is a breeding ground for bacteria, and suggest a new fluoride-rich toothpaste along with a proper oral hygiene routine.

You may have to visit your dentist frequently for a short period, but you can count on getting rid of the disease.

Other methods to treat gingivitis can be divided into two parts: Oral hygiene and homemade treatments.

Oral Hygiene:

The oral hygiene methods described here will help you reverse gingivitis and reduce the chances of it appearing again.

1. Avoid Sweet and Sticky Foods:

Stay away from candies and other sugar products.

If you absolutely have eat them, then make sure you eat them sparingly.

This is particularly important if you have children with gingivitis. It is vital to drill into them that sweets cannot be an all-day affair.

What is true of sugar products is also true of sticky foods, such as pizzas. Sugary and sticky foods stick to your gums and become a breeding ground for bacteria.

2. Brush Properly and Use Floss:

Another way to control gingivitis is to brush with care.

An effective method for cleaning your gum line is to hold your brush at an angle of 45 degrees and move it in a circular motion.

This technique cleans the area where your teeth meets the gums. Brushing is necessary, but it is not sufficient.

To remove the impurities hidden somewhere between your teeth, you can use floss. Flossing at least once a day is a way to stymie the spread of gingivitis.

3. Use an Antiseptic Mouthwash:

Antiseptic mouthwash fights bacteria in those places that cannot be reached by your toothbrush or floss.

You can kill many bacteria in your mouth and stop the spread of gingivitis if you use a mouthwash solution for at least 30 seconds after each brush.

Homemade Treatments for Gingivitis:

The three methods mentioned below are popular home-based treatments:

1. Salt gargle:

Dissolve 1/2 teaspoon of salt in a glass of lukewarm water and gargle. Repeat this procedure for several days.

2. Lemon juice mouthwash:

Squeeze an entire lemon into a glass of lukewarm water and rinse your mouth with it. Do this two times a day, right after you brush.

3. Chew a clove:

Chewing a clove can reduce the pain from swollen gums.

Though this article touches upon several ways to treat your gingivitis, speaking to your dentist is the safest and most effective method.

If you notice symptoms of gingivitis in you or your children, contact us immediately. We offer a highly-experienced and qualified dental team in gingivitis treatment.

You can contact us by calling (858) 755-8993 for our San Diego office or (619) 656-6785 for our Chula Vista location.